India. New Delhi is a strong supporter of the Afghan government and has provided $3 billion since 2001 for infrastructure development and business maintenance in Afghanistan. Its main objectives are to minimize Pakistan`s influence and prevent Afghanistan from becoming a haven for anti-Independence activists. The Indian government did not reject U.S. efforts to reach an agreement with the Taliban and refused to legitimize the group as a political actor. The Washington Post analyzes a collection of confidential U.S. government documents, known as the Afghanistan Papers, in which senior officials reflect on the war in Afghanistan. “ (The government and the Taliban) are ready to sign the agreement,“ a diplomat familiar with the process in Kabul told Reuters news agency, adding that the Afghan government`s chief negotiator should sign the agreement as the „chief negotiator of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.“ In February 2019, a new round of talks took place in Qatar, this time with Baradar in the Taliban delegation – he had been released by Pakistan in October 2018 at the request of the United States.   Khalilzad stated that this round of negotiations was „more productive than in the past“ and that a draft peace agreement had been concluded. The agreement included the withdrawal of U.S. and international troops from Afghanistan and the Taliban, which did not allow other jihadist groups to operate inside the country.  The Taliban also announced progress in the negotiations.
 He warns that this agreement cannot repeat what the United States signed with the North Vietnamese at the 1973 Paris peace talks, „where we actually think the enemy will behave itself as soon as we leave.“ Finally, the agreement stipulates that the United States will begin diplomatic talks with the United Nations to remove Taliban members from the „sanctions list.“ However, there are a number of hooks that can prevent the full implementation of the agreement. On the one hand, the Afghan government was not involved in the negotiations. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has not supported many parts of the agreement and has opposed the need for the next steps to move the peace process forward. This includes the release of Taliban prisoners, which he has not done so far, although he has proposed a more modest release. After months of negotiations, the Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin, the second national militant group after the Taliban, signed a peace agreement with the government of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani in Kabul. It was the first peace treaty since the start of the war in Afghanistan in 2001. Government officials hailed the agreement as a step towards peace and perhaps also as an agreement with the Taliban.  However, others have expressed concern about alleged war crimes committed by controversial leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. The agreement includes the United States.