The EFTA States signed a free trade agreement with Turkey on 10 December 1991 in Geneva , Switzerland. The Agreement entered into force on 1 April 1992. The EFTA States signed a modernised and extended free trade agreement in Sauðárkrókur, Iceland, on 25 June 2018. The new agreement will enter into force and replace the existing agreement by ratification by the EFTA States and Turkey. You will find information about the new agreement at the end of this page. While the additional burden of complying with rules of origin cannot be completely eliminated, the UK and Turkey could theoretically take steps to allow exports to qualify for a future free trade agreement. They could, for example, simplify the criteria for qualifying rules of origin and/or agree that EU-27 inputs can be charged against local value-added thresholds – so-called `cumulation`. However, the terms of its customs union with the EU oblige Turkey to include in its own trade agreement with Britain the origin criteria applied in the free trade agreement between the EU and the UNITED KINGDOM. This means that flexibility, as proposed above, can only exist if the EU initially approves it in its own negotiations with the UK. According to a 2020 study, the agreement boosted trade between the EU and Turkey. In the manufacturing sector, trade between the EU and Turkey has increased by 55-65% compared to the Ankara agreement.  The more Turkey clashes with the EU, some member states or the US on issues such as Libya and the Eastern Mediterranean, the more complicated it becomes for the UK not to be involved in the argument. As Turkey`s closest partner, the UK should resist the temptation to strike a trade deal with Turkey without having done so with the EU beforehand, as this would only bring it limited benefits, but would further poison EU-Turkey relations.
At the same time, London should warn Ankara of the risks of a more effective foreign policy, encourage it to engage in dialogue with its neighbors to settle differences and try to defuse tensions. „The EU`s agreements with Turkey provide for the free movement of goods. The bilateral commitments to which Turkey has committed itself under these agreements (as expressed in the Association Agreement, the Customs Union and the Free Trade Agreements for Agriculture, Coal and Steel) should be fully respected,“ the spokesperson said. . . .