Opponents of the government have been imprisoned; The President invoked the powers to replace decrees and, when the current Constitutional Convention presented a draft document, a series of „Barangay Assemblies“ were held to prevent the Congress from meeting as scheduled in January 1973. After demanding approval of a new constitution, the dictatorship ordered Congress to establish a padlock. The „ratification“ of the 1973 Constitution marked the end of the Third Republic and the beginning of the Bagong Lipunan – the New Society, as the martial law regime was called – under President Marcos. The Garcia government encouraged the „Filipino First“ policy, which focused on the return to economic independence; a national effort by Filipinos to „gain significant and dominant participation in their economy.“  The government is committed to helping citizens control Philippine goods and services and has put in place import and currency controls favorable to Philippine industry.  As part of the government`s goal of supporting itself, the „austerity program“ that President Garcia, in his first State of the Union address, described as „more work, more austerity, more productive investment and more efficiency,“ aimed at mobilizing national savings.  The Anti Graft and Corrupt Practices Act, through Republic Act No. 301, was intended to prevent corruption and promote honesty and public trust. Another achievement of the Garcia government was the Bohlen-Serrano Agreement of 1959, which reduced the lease term of U.S. military bases in the country from 99 to 25 years earlier.  The U.S. Supreme Court, at United States v. Pink (1942) considered that international executive agreements, which have been validated, have the same legal status as treaties and do not require Senate approval. In Reid v.
Covert (1957), while reaffirming the President`s ability to enter into executive agreements, he decided that such agreements could not be contrary to federal law or the Constitution in force. President Elpidio Quirino`s goal as chief executive, as stated in his first State of the Union address, was to build people`s trust in government and restore peace. To achieve this, the Chief Executive traveled across the country to inspect the state of the nation first-hand.